Kosharnyy Valeriy Pavlovich, Doctor of philosophy, head of sub-department of philosophy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The problems of further development of research in the field of the theory of cognition cause the necessity to generalize intellectual experience, gained by the Russian philosophy as well. Of special interest is the teaching of integral knowledge, that was developing in the Russian philosophy during XIX– XX centuries. The object of the study is the axiological-gnosiological line in the history of Russian philosophy of XIX century. The subject of the article is the theoretical-cognitive attitudes of the members of the Moscow club of wisdom lovers, early slavophiles, V. S. Solovyev, realized in the teaching of integral knowledge. The work is aimed at analyzing the gnosiological attitudes of Russian philosophers of XIX century and revealing therein the components putting together the concept of integral knowledge.
Materials and methods. The research objectives were realized through the usage of works by Russian thinkers of XIX century, research of the soviet and Russian scientists devoted to the subject matter under consideration. The center of attention are the works by the representatives of the Moscow club of wisdom lovers and V. S. Solovyev. Methodological potential includes the comparativehistorical method, the application of which allows showing the originality of gnosiological ideas of the Russian philosophers.
Results. The author reveals theoretical and social sources and premises of the concept of integral knowledge, interprets its contents, shows the connection of gnosiological ideas of the Russian thinkers with European tradition of holistic thinking, denotes the deep humanistic importance of the teaching of integral knowledge for the development of subsequent Russian philosophical thought and modern social practice.
Conclusions. On the basis of the analysis of historical-philosophical sources the author concludes about the fact that the emerged tradition of integral scope of cognitive abilities of the Russian philosophy of XIX century turned out to be the expression of the attempts of the Russian thinkers to from a universal personality, free of all types of alienation. The success of cognition is provided, according to the said tradition, by the close connection with the life in all manifestations thereof, by the allegiance to truth and justice, by the combination of moral and aesthetic values. Interpretation of knowledge as the harmonic unity of truth, kindness and beauty determines the deep humanistic contents of the Russian philosophy and eo ipso the its growing importance for people of the modern technological civilization.
russian philosophy of the XIX, axiological-epistemological tradition, holistic thinking, integral knowledge, wisdom, early slavophiles, V. S. Solovyov, umanization of social relations.
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